Forests reappeared about 8,000 years ago and tree species changed during glacial melt and warming.
Mink-man went to several women and told them about their husband, Raven, being killed. When one woman heard the story, she cried and pinched her skin.Then she was changed into the spruce tree, with its rough pinched bark.
When another heard it, she cried and slit her skin with a knife. She became a poplar, with its deeply cut bark.
When a third woman was told the story, she cried and pinched
herself until she bled. She turned into the alder, whose bark
is used to make red dye.
The Little Ice Age - the climate cooled in many areas. Mountain
glaciers and polar ice caps expanded. In 1826, the Franklin expedition
fought through this heavy ice and reached Herschel Island. They
were the first Europeans to see the Yukon.
Ships trapped in ice near Point Barrow, Alaska, 1876. (jpeg 25K)
From a sketch by Captain William H. Kelly.